Name: Spider Flower, Spiny Spiderflower, Cleome Hassleriana
Scientific name: Cleome spinosa Jacquin,
Origin: Arabia, North Africa, America
Stem: The height of the plant can reach more than one meter. The stems and leaves of the whole plant are covered with hairs, covered with mucous glandular hairs, and have a foul smell.
Leaves: The leaves are alternate, with long stalks, stipules, thorn-like, palm-like compound leaves, 5-7 small leaves, sessile, long ovate-lanceolate or broad-lanceolate, 4-8 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, The lobules on both sides are small, the base is wedge-shaped, the apex is sharply pointed, the entire edge is covered with glandular hairs on both sides.
Flower: The raceme is terminal, the bracts are leaf-like, solitary, sessile, densely clustered, infinite inflorescence, blooming gradually from bottom to top, with slightly aromatic; sepals are strip-lanceolate, recurved outwards; 4 petals , Obovate, with long claws, white or rose-colored to purple-red; 6 stamens, inserted on the pistil ovary stalk, 2~3 times longer than the flower; ovary linear, stalk length 3~4 cm, longer than stamens, style short, Stigma flat head.
Appreciation: The petals of cleome are light and elegant, and when they are in full bloom, they are like butterflies flying. They can be arranged in summer, flower beds, flower borders, and dwarf cultivation. They can be used as potted plants for appreciation. They can be used in gardens according to their ability to tolerate half shade. Planting under the forest or building ornamental.
Flowering period: Cleome has a short flowering period. Its flowers will open every evening, and the flowers will wither in the morning. Therefore, some people also call Cleome the flower of summer night.
Cleome is more light-loving, so we must keep it in sufficient light during the breeding process so that it can grow better. It prefers loose, fertile and slightly acidic sandy loam, which has better drainage and allows it to better absorb nutrients. This plant is relatively cold-resistant, so it is best not to let the temperature drop below 10°C during the breeding process.
The flower language of Cleome also represents mystery. It's like a short and gorgeous love, giving you a sense of illusion, ups and downs, and nothingness.
The effects of Cleome
Cleome has the effect of purifying the air. Its plants can absorb harmful gases such as sulfur dioxide, formaldehyde, and chlorine in the air during photosynthesis; Cleome also has a certain economic value, and its plants can extract a kind of essential oil for humans. In use, Cleome has a high medicinal value. Its whole plant can be used as a medicinal material. It has the effects of dispelling wind, dispelling cold and killing insects, and can be used to treat liver cancer.
This plant is slightly poisonous and will cause some adverse reactions to the human body if it is accidentally eaten.